Preprint series: 07-01, Preprints
The paper is published: Discrete Cont. Dynam. Systems 21, 1129 - 1157 (2008).
- 35K30 Initial value problems for higher-order, parabolic equations
- 35B50 Maximum principles
Abstract: We study existence and positivity properties for solutions of Cauchy problems for both linear and semilinear parabolic equations with the biharmonic operator as elliptic principal part. The self-similar kernel of the parabolic operator $\partial_t+\Delta^2$ is a sign changing function and the solution of the evolution problem with a positive initial datum may display almost instantaneous change of sign. We determine conditions on the initial datum for which the corresponding solution exhibits some kind of positivity behaviour. We prove eventual local positivity properties both in the linear and semilinear case. At the same time, we show that negativity of the solution may occur also for arbitrarily large given time, provided the initial datum is suitably constructed.
Keywords: biharmonic heat kernel, evetual local positivity, semilinear problems, Fujita exponent
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